US Oil Sands recycles 95% of its water usage within the process, the highest recycle rate of any existing project. For every barrel of bitumen produced, an estimated 1.5 barrels of water is consumed. This differs from traditional oil sands mining projects that use 3 to 7 barrels of water for every barrel of oil produced. The extensive separation and filtration within the process produces clean water that can be immediately reused in the process. Water used in the project comes from deep wells drilled more than 2,000 feet beneath the surface. This water is sourced from deep aquifers that are well below the recharge sediments of any local streams or rivers.

The tailings generated from bitumen extraction have been reviewed by the Utah Division of Water Quality and found to comply with ground water regulations and a Ground Water Discharge Permit was granted.